Body, Ecology and Local Practice

17 June 2019

Printing techniques exhibition by IMCCI students

 

DSC00032
Exhibition opening

 

A semester of immersion into a series of printmaking techniques was the starting point for what would become the Body, Ecology and Local Practice exhibition by IMCCI students. The Fine Arts Seminar class, led by professor Hsi-Chuan Liu (劉錫權) was the first opportunity for first and second year students to experiment techniques such as screen and relief printing, planography and others.

After the experiments, students were free to choose one technique to continue experimenting with. These would later become their own individual projects for the exhibition. Opportunities to outline and discuss the theme for their projects outside of the fine arts studio were many. Field trips to the Hong-Gah Museum (鳳甲美術館) exhibition, and the collaboration with Beitou Primary School (北投國小) prompted students to review and present their ideas. The feedback they received in these events and after them helped the further development of their projects.

From the start of the semester, the idea was for IMCCIs to explore and study about Beitou and its different areas. Students used their time outside of class to visit, photograph, illustrate and read about Beitou, to discover common elements between the northernmost area of Taipei and their native countries.

This process was guided by professor I-Wen Chang (張懿文), during her Performing Arts in Local and International Contexts class. Students were able to develop their ideas based on the contents read and discussed in class. Students who were enrolled only in the Fine Arts Seminar had the support from professors Chang and Liu just like the ones enrolled in both classes, in order to fully develop their projects.

 

 

 

The first ‘trial’ of the IMCCI students’ ideas was their presentation at the Beitou school. Their following weeks were focused on practice and experiments during and outside of class. The result is a wide range of ideas and visual representations:

Nattaporn Shaisooksri combined relief printing techniques to display a view of Beitou from a window in the series Window of Beitou.

In Scorch/Warm, Yong Song Yeu drew inspiration from the difference between Japanese rule in his native Malaysia and in Taiwan.

Clarissa Butelli layered elements of the human, natural and historical landscapes of beitou to produce the patterns and shapes inspired on Portuguese azulejos for her work Azulejos: archeology of memory.

Maria Grasa illustrated a combination of hot springs landscape of Beitou and her native Spain in Touch Contact.

Xiomara Sotelo drew inspiration from her emotions for Beitou and her native Nicaragua in Beitou in my Eyes, Nicaragua in my Heart.

Larissa Soto made playful illustrations of local delicacies to show how culture can be experienced through food in Beitou 小吃.

Ximena Lainfiesta used the same boards students used to carve the printing patterns geographic puzzle through which she talked about territory and colonization in her work Bodies as Colonized Territories.

Shine Yang, with the collaboration of Sally Xie, made a sequence of images of actress Shao-En Ke performing the movements of entering the hot springs waters to study the daily movements that are not usually thought about when performed.

Lou Arroyave played with the geometric shapes of flags to portray three stages in the history of Beitou in Stars on Beitou.

 

 

 

The exhibition was held at the International Exchange Center of TNUA, at one of the last weeks of regular classes. The student-artists had the week before the exhibition to deal with the challenge of choosing a space in the exhibition area and producing the support for their works to be displayed. After a few days of shopping, testing, setbacks and finally reaching the final form for their work, students were ready for the opening.

The opening, on June 17th, was the opportunity for IMCCIs to present their concept and works to their fellow students, teachers and visitors. Exchange students of different nationalities, local undergraduate and graduate students as well as friends from outside of university were there for the event.

Video works from students of the Critical Ecologies class were also presented at the opening.

The resulting exhibition was an interesting combination of techniques from people with different levels of familiarity with the making of visual arts. Two students are graphic designers, one, a photographer, and others come from backgrounds less closely related to visual arts. In common, they all felt the accomplishment of a semester-long project be finally put to light for others to appreciate.

– Written by Clarissa Perrone Butelli

– Photos by Cecile Kao

 

Contemporary Indigenous Art from Southern Taiwan

18 & 19 May 2019

Pingtung Sandimen Field Trip – Performing Arts in Local and International Contexts class

 

Pingtung (屏東縣) is the southernmost county in Taiwan, known for its warmer climate and for being home to the Sandimen Township, a mountain-based indigenous community composed mostly of Paiwan and Rukai people. The Sandimen region is part of the Wutai Township, which was among the ones that most suffered under the impact of the Typhoon Morakot a decade ago, in the early weeks of August 2009.

Much of the current cultural production of the Paiwan and Rukai peoples has been developed as a consequence of Morakot’s flooding and mudslides, which were responsible for the death of 681 people and for the displacement of many others. Morakot had especially harsh effects on those slope area communities.

It has been ten years since the incident, and part of these communities has been resettled in newly built homes within safe areas in Pingtung. Some of the Paiwan and Rukai people are even back to their former hometowns on the slopes, but the cultural effects of the devastation are very much present in the current homes and art production of these communities. IMCCI students could experience these effects first-hand during this weekend-long field trip.

The trip was part of the “Performing Arts in Local and International Contexts” class taught by professor I-Wen Chang and was designed for students enrolled in her class. It also welcomed interested second-year IMCCI alumni as well as postgraduate students from the Dance department. The goal was to immerse students in the most recent production of visual artists and contemporary dancers of Paiwan and Rukai background or inspired by those people’s cultures.

 

Photos by Larissa Soto Hermández

 

An early train ride took students from Taipei to Pingtung on Saturday morning, and after a little more than three hours of getting acquainted with the changing landscapes of the west coast of Taiwan, students arrived on a bright sunny late morning to the Pingtung Railway Station. The main area of the station introduced the IMCCI’s to an informal preview of the exhibition to come with a large-scale sculpture by Paiwan artist Sakuliu Pavavalung (撒古流 巴瓦瓦隆), one of the most distinguished contemporary artists of indigenous background in Taiwan. Sakuliu was the first artist of aboriginal background to be awarded the National Award for Arts in fine arts, in 2018.

Students were welcomed by a pair of local guides, also from an indigenous background, who took the group on a shuttle to a very symbolic place in Pingtung: the Taiwan Indigenous Culture Park, an 83-acre area dedicated to the preservation and diffusion of Taiwanese aboriginal cultures. With concert halls and theaters, multimedia rooms, exhibition halls, a library with research areas, traditionally built houses and a scenic glass bridge over the Ailiao River, the park offers many opportunities to experience local nature and cultural production.

The weekend field trip happened, coincidentally, on the International Museum Day, and the Indigenous Culture Park was celebrating the day with the opening of a contemporary indigenous art exhibition. The exhibition occupied the octagonal exhibition room as well as a great number of residences built in the traditional style of the local tribes, which served as pavilions for the artists’ works.

When Kacalisian culture meets the vertical city — contemporary art from greater Sandimen” (當斜坡文化遇到垂直城市—大山地門當代藝術展) was curated by TNUA professor Manray Hsu (徐文瑞) and included 17 artists of different generations, artistic styles, and backgrounds. Besides curating this exhibition, professor Hsu teaches in art academies in Taiwan and abroad, has been the co-founder and director of Taipei Contemporary Art Center, has curated exhibitions including the Taipei Biennial, and has served as a juror for Venice Biennale and the Istanbul Biennial in 2001, among other committees.

2019 山地門1

Photo by 斜坡上的話-2019大山地門當代藝術節 Facebook

 

Curator and artists were joined by other known professionals in the field on a showcase of a local band, that, much in the spirit of the exhibition, combines indigenous and modern influences. The performers combined electrical guitars, bass, and indigenous drums, offering a mixture of rock, and indigenous rhythms. After the performance, the visual artists were introduced to the audience and lead the way to the exhibition areas, where each of them presented and commented on their works, inspirations and methods.

Students in the “Performing Arts in Local and International Contexts” class had the chance to get acquainted with some of these artists’ work at the exhibition “MalangAboriginal Contemporary Art Exhibition” (https://malang.cksmh.gov.tw/home) at the Chiang Kai-shek Memorial Hall, which included artists of Atayal, Seediq, Punuyumayan, Bunun and Payuan tribes’ background.

Some of these artists also featured at the Taiwan Indigenous Culture Park exhibition. Sakuliu and Aluaiy Pulidan were also part of the selection for the “Micawor – 2018 Pulima Art Festival” (http://www.mocataipei.org.tw/index.php/2012-01-12-03-36-46/current-exhibitions/2731-micawor-2018-pulima-micawor-2018-pulima-art-festival), presented at the Museum of Contemporary Art, Taipei (MOCA) throughout 2018. The Pulima Art Festival (http://www.pulima.com.tw) is produced by the Indigenous Peoples Cultural Foundation (IPCF), which has the mission to “promote indigenous cultural education, and operate an indigenous cultural media” of 14 tribes in Taiwan, some of which were presented in these three exhibitions.

At the octagonal Exhibition hall, visitors were introduced to the artworks by Etan Pavavalung (伊誕 巴瓦瓦隆), whose carved lines and patterns reference natural elements of the Paiwan landscape. A few IMCCI students noted the similarities between Etan’s carvings and the printing techniques learned during the semester through their Fine Arts Seminar.

Aluaiy Pulidan (武玉玲) works occupied the entirety of the second floor and presented organic shapes that reference the impact of the destruction on her people’s slope lands, themes of life and death among women from her tribe, as well as site-specific work, created exclusively for the exhibition.

Kulele Ruladen (古勒勒.羅拉登) tells stories full of tribal symbology through colorful and sometimes violent illustrations. He is one of the most prolific artists in the exhibition, featuring a series of works in one of the exhibition halls, as well as one of the traditional Rukai stone hoses. His metal works draw from Rukai mythology symbols such as the serpent, the lily flower, and the eagle. The first series of work, hosted in the exhibition hall, share a theme of “cultural measurement devices”, which reference the not-so-methodical science and the prejudice that sustained of much of the colonial discourse on cultural hierarchies between civilized and ‘uncivilized’ peoples. His work at the Rukai ‘pavilion’ drew from very similar symbology and the same metalwork seen in the exhibition hall, although in smaller and more intimate compositions.

One of the slab houses displayed a working a fireplace that was lit during the opening, producing the same smoke that helped drive away insects and other threats on their original Rukai settings. The houses were made to let the smoke escape slowly, warming and protecting the internal environment and, at the same time, “breathing like its inhabitants”.

Sakuliu Pavavalung occupied a Rukai house neighboring Kulele Ruladen, with works that balanced delicate craftwork, very precise use of lighting and heavy socio-cultural criticism. A fragile image of a small child climbing a hanging ladder. A second child appeared to be collecting something from the grassy texture below while a third piece, a hanging chair appeared out of reach from both children. Sakuliu spent a great part of his presentation commenting on the economic, cultural and educational opportunities differences children from different backgrounds are exposed to and the social hierarchies that separate them from opportunities.

 

Photos by Clarissa Perrone Butelli & Larissa Soto Hermández

 

The artworks might seem to cover a wide range of themes and techniques, but, on a more attentive look, there are a few interesting underlying themes. The verticality of the sloped lands has its contrast in the verticality of the urban cities and how the cultural and economic relationship between these vertical – indigenous and urban – areas influence each new generation differently.

When curator Manray Hsu references a “new type of cosmology” in his statement, he gives an interesting title to a wide array of symbols and themes – traditional ones that have long been used by the tribespeople as well as very contemporary elements. It is a challenge, however, to draw quick conclusions from these productions, especially coming from urban backgrounds, as is the case with most IMCCI students. When observing a painting of a figure dressed in indigenous outfits and holding a colored tablet very similar to an iPad, students commented on the possible reference to an ‘invasion’ of technology to the local rituals. They were immediately corrected by the artists who mentioned that might be a common reading but the work simply reference the contemporary culture she and her tribespeople are immersed in.

After the tour and a final performance, students were welcomed to spend the night at the Evergreen Lily Elementary School. The school is also one of the consequences of Typhoon Morakot, although a positive one. It was founded by the local government, is financially supported by the Chang Yung-Fa Foundation and was built not only to host students of Paiwan and Rukai background, but also to provide ways in which they can effectively learn about their own culture. The school has a program specifically developed for local use: the Indigenous Cultural Curriculum.

On a short walk through the school installations, it is possible to spot and learn from a great variety of boards, games, educational tools and students’ own works. Information boards presenting local species of plants, game boards featuring Taiwan different indigenous peoples and their outfits, historical maps of Austronesian tribes and adapted Lego world maps with the maritime trajectories between the South Asian Pacific and the eastern edges of South America. A two-floor library, four pianos distributed through the corridors, a gym room with well-cared-for gymnastics equipment are some of the clues to the very healthy mixture of historical background and contemporary education the school provides to its students.

The next activity was a morning walk with the local guides, where IMCCI students learned a few other curiosities. The water lily used to represent the school and the local tribes, for instance, is also part of the decorative patterns local students produced for their ‘special events’ uniforms. This is an activity that is, at the same time, able to engage the students into working their artistic techniques and inspire pride for their own tribe’s symbology.

The walk led to a local artist’s workshop, where IMCCI’s were introduced to the symbology used in the painting outside of these constructions. The eagle that was very much present in artworks seen the day before gave way to the image of a goat facing the direction of the former habitat of the Sandimen peoples. It serves as a reminder that their original land is still calling for them, and as complete as the infrastructure of the current residences and installations seems to be, there is an underlying longing for the environment that had been part of their tribe’s history for generations, before the devastation of the typhoon came into play.

On a quick visit to the workshops’ souvenir store, IMCCI students were taught the close association between local crafts and elements of nature: how colors symbolize the water, the land and the other constant elements of the tribe’s daily lives. It was the last stop before heading back to the Taiwan Indigenous Culture Park, where a performance of symbolic rituals of many of the Taiwanese tribesmen and women was showcased. It was, perhaps, a more tourist-focused presentation of their dances. The arena-like stage was at the same level as the audience and the dark ambiance, with very few lights focused on the dancers, gave the performance theatrical overtones. Some of the most memorable examples were a ritual for the first immersion of a boat in the waters and the ‘waving hair’ dance performed by a group of women to wish for the seas to be gentle with their tribes’ fishermen. In the end, audience members were invited to perform a collective dance with their arms interlocked, surrounding the stage with a semi-circle of visitors of different ages and backgrounds.

The dance was an interesting preview to the workshop that followed in the afternoon – the Tjimur Dance Theater Company elaborates contemporary choreographies taking inspiration on dance movements, in some cases, very similar to the ‘human chain’ dance. Before students reached the dance studio, they walked through the Shanchuan Glass Bridge in a short warm-up for what would be an afternoon of very practical performance studies. Shanchuan is the longest suspension bridge in Taiwan, and it also is part of the recent, post-Morakot history of the region: it was built after a previous suspension bridge between Majia and Sandimen townships was torn by the typhoon.

The Tjimur Dance Theater Company already displays its uniqueness in the small posters distributed throughout the town on the way to the studio: the contemporary tailoring of the costumes used are combined with what seemed like very traditional indigenous outfit crafts. Instead of the highly colored and accessorized outfits students saw on the Culture Park performance, dancers displayed skirt-like, one-piece clothing in completely white or black colors. The excerpts from the performances on the screens at the entrance of the studio also showed highly athletic and strength-based movements that shared elements with the ones seen on the park performance earlier on.

Artistic Director Ljuzem Madiljin, and her sibling and choreographer Baru Madiljin presented the background of the company on a short talk as the introduction to the workshop. Through the afternoon, IMCCI students were joined by the company dancers in a series of what would look to the outsider as simple movements. The combination of precise breathing, posture and strength demands proved an interesting challenge, especially for students who, in their majority, come from backgrounds in which the body is not such a central tool.

After the introduction to the movements, the groups of students were, along with the dancers, invited to create and perform a short dance based on the series of movements learned. The four groups had a few minutes for creation, rehearsal, and presentation and the final result was critiqued by Ljuzem Madiljin, as a seamless transition to the final part of the workshop – a collective talk and final Q&A.

 

Photos by Larissa Soto Hermández

 

During this final process, students learned about the international presentations of the company, their creative and rehearsal process, the audition and selection process, the challenges with their growth as an organization and the attributions to each member as well as other interesting themes. The company’s website (https://www.tjimurdancetheatre.com/) features excerpts of their productions and might leave visitors wanting to attend the company’s performances. It is the same feeling IMCCI students felt after seeing a live excerpt from the company’s latest performance “Varhung: Heart to Heart”, showcased at the Brighton Festival a week after the workshop.

The workshop was a very fitting closure for the weekend-long field trip of a class which proposes to “offer insights into the social and political functions of dances in their historical and contemporary manifestations”.

Throughout the weekend, students were faced with contrasting and complementary definitions of what ‘indigeneity’, ‘contemporarity’, ‘tradition’ and ‘culture’ can be. One of the most striking points brought up in class, a week after the field trip, has to do with the expectations of what indigenous culture should be, especially from the perception of outside observers. There is the underlying belief that ‘preservation’ is a synonym to the maintenance of cultural elements in a static form, protecting these assets from further change. The discomfort a few students felt with the manner the artworks and the indigenous dance performance were presented is a very interesting indication of the expectations about what indigenous art and performance ‘should’ be.

In a certain way, Cultural Studies is an area in which students’ and researchers’ expectations must be constantly put in check, and these reactions are a positive effect of this process. On a class that focuses on performance, one of the most ephemeral forms of cultural production, the act of questioning and constructing new meanings for cultural ‘validity’ is a very healthy exercise.

– Written by Clarissa Perrone Butelli

 

Beitou in your Eyes Collaboration

15 May 2019

Beitou Primary School and IMCCI students meet for an afternoon of sharing

 

The partnership between IMCCI and Beitou Primary School (北投國小) for this semester was planned in line with the “Bodies in Beitou” project. As IMCCI students prepare their “Bodies in Beitou” project, they had the opportunity to learn about Beitou from the local students. The event also gave them the chance to show the students what they learned about the region and the similarities between local features and those of their own countries.

The afternoon started off with a brief introduction by the Beitou School dean, followed by IMCCI students’ own presentations. While Taiwanese IMCCI students looked for curious elements in the local culture, international students brought religion, food, architecture, cultural activities and history shared by both places.

Some of the themes presented were: the shapes and colors of Thailand and Beitou; the catholic Corpus Christi celebration and its similarities to the Mazu procession; the landscape, active volcanoes and thermal waters that invite locals and tourists to Beitou and northern Spain; the tasty food loved by people in Central America and northern Taipei as well as the azulejos that were brought by the Portuguese to Brazilian architecture and the Taiwanese tiles produced in Beitou that decorated wealthy families houses.

This last presentation led to a workshop in which the Beitou Primary School students were able to create their own colored paper designs for azulejos with very creative and interesting results.

The following presentations were led by the Beitou Primary School team and began from the youngest to their oldest students. They presented a whole range of different aspects of Beitou through their eyes: the hot springs, the kimono, snacks and interesting sightseeing places through guided ‘tours’. Each group came prepared with colorfully illustrated flipcharts. A group of students performed a traditional song in YueQin (月琴) guitars and a martial arts apprentice performed in full uniform with a Jian (劍), a flexible sword,traditional to Chinese and Taiwanese cultures. IMCCI students had the chance to learn a few moves from her after the performance.

photos by Clarissa Perrone Butelli

 

At the end of the presentations, all students were invited to an afternoon snack with a full table of delicacies made from local products. Mokino bamboo shots with mayonnaise, bottle gourd pizza as well as syrup-glazed sweet potatoes and ginger were only a few of the dishes offered by the school to its students and visitors.

Throughout the whole event, a facial threading specialist offered a very thorough facial treatment to professors and students.

After this immersion in the local culture through the Beitou Primary School’s students and professors’ eyes, IMCCI students were more than inspired to continue their Beitou-inspired projects for the semester.

– Written by Clarissa Perrone Butelli

 

photos by Larissa Soto Hermández

 

photos by Cecile Kao

Discovering Beitou Through the Senses

20 March 2019

Hong-Gah Museum Field Trip  

 

The second field trip within the “Bodies in Beitou” program had professors I-Wen Chang and Hsi-Chuan Liu introduce IMCCI students to the Hong-Gah Museum and its current exhibition: “Beitou Local Flavors Collecting Project”.

The museum occupies the 11th floor of a commercial building in Daye Road and has windows to long extensions of green fields between Taipei and New Taipei City. The view inspires visitors to enjoy a momentary escape from the urban movement and noise of sidewalks and roads downstairs.

The “Beitou Local Flavors Collecting Project” exhibition is a multi-platform initiative that brought together students of different ages from institutions in Beitou as well as experienced artists – all under the supervision of curator Zoe Yeh.

Yeh introduced the exhibition as a multi-year effort in its third edition. Her goal was to develop a wider audience for the museum, starting with a partnership between the museum and educational institutions in Beitou.In an effort to include a more specialized audience after the 2017 exhibition, Yeh invited established artists for the collaboration and the result can be seen in the richness of forms, materials and conceptual developments throughout the gallery rooms.

photos by Clarissa Perrone Butelli

 

Chen Hsiang-Jung worked with ceramics and plastic to reference iconic elements of the Beitou Market, Yanzhi experimented with different forms and display of fermented food, Kao Ya-Ting produced four large-scale multicolored paintings inspired on beekeeping, Chen Jen-Pei brought stories of Shi-Pai senior students to life with bright food photographs and the duo Zo Lin and Yi Fen Yi collected leaves and weeds as well as images of fog, smoke and vapor around the neighborhood to produce an ethereal display of tea making, which infused the museum in a light perfume al the way from the entrance.

A documentary following Datun Elementary School students’ efforts in growing radish and their notebooks documenting the process displays a very practical complement to the exhibition, inspiring IMCCI students to explore ideas for the next year’s exhibition theme in not only conceptual fronts but practical projects as well.  

At the end of the exhibition, a projection room with tables, colored pencils and activity leaflets invited visitors to contribute with their own “flavor stories”. A series of drawings produced by visitors of all ages decorated the walls while IMCCI students and professors discussed the main ideas of the exhibition and shared plans for the development of the “Bodies in Beitou” project. Curator Zoe Yeh also shared a few ideas, including her plan to collect gestures and mannerisms of cultural elements typical of Beitou, such the motorbike taxi drivers.

After the visit, students were free to walk and explore the Beitou area for themselves and start collecting their own narratives for the next steps of the project.

– Written by Clarissa Perrone Butelli

 

References:

Hong-Gah Museum (English content)
https://www.hong-gah.org.tw/?lang=en

Hong-Gah Museum (Facebook page, Chinese content)
https://www.facebook.com/HongGahMuseum/

Chen Hsiah-Jung
https://thefruitshop.co/

Yanzhi
https://www.instagram.com/yanzhi.taiwan/

Kao Ya-Ting
https://www.kaoyating.com

Weed Day
https://www.facebook.com/weedroot

Railways, Hot Springs and History in Xinbeitou

13 March 2019

Beitou Storyteller Field Trip

“Bodies in Beitou” is the common thread along a series of activities for IMCCI students throughout the first half of 2019. The theme is the starting point for next year’s (2020) exhibition at the Hong-Gah museum, in a partnership between the museum and Taipei National University of the Arts. To inspire students in their assignments for this collaboration, professors I-Wen Chang and Hsi-Chuan Liu combined efforts in a two-hour open-air class in Xinbeitou area in Taipei.

 

photo by Clarissa Perrone Butelli

 

Well-known for its japanese colonial architecture, Xinbeitou has its history deeply connected to the buildings that sprouted around its green sulphur water hot springs. The remnant buildings and ruins of hot spring hotels that used to cover the region are signs of the scale this business once had: at the peak of its activity, the area offered almost 80 different hotel options for visitors.

Throughout the tour, students were introduced to local landmarks such as the reconstructed railway station, built in 1916 to cater for the increasing number of visitors to the area.

Xinbeitou was famous not only within city limits: at the golden age of taiwanese cinema – in the 1960s and 1970s – more than a hundred films were produced in the area and have the area as their scenery. Part of this history can be seen in the photos and posters along the Beitou Hot Spring Museum.

The Museum was one of the main sights of the visit and it is an interesting symbol of the rise and decline of the hot spring industry in the region. Inspired by the architecture of its Japanese predecessors, the former public bath house was the largest in East Asia when built. It became an entertainment destination during the Japanese rule and saw its decline with the abolition of licensed prostitution in 1979. Almost two decades after that, the building was found by professors and students of the Beitou Elementary School, who organized an effort to revitalize the local cultural asset. Another two decades later, a restored museum was open to public visitation.

 

photo by Clarissa Perrone Butelli

 

Today, details such as different-sized and shaped pools for men and women, the aeclectic mixture of romanesque columns, stained glass windows, japanese tatami mats and other architectural elements offer visitors more than a narrative – they allow for learning with the senses. Switching shoes for soft slippers at the entrance and sitting in the tiled baths and on the open tatami floors are only a few of the experiences that invite students to use more senses than hearing and vision in their learning, and it is a great first step into understanding the idea of “Bodies in Beitou”.

– Written by Clarissa Perrone Butelli

 

 

References:

Hot Spring Museum Taipei (English content)
https://hotspringmuseum.taipei/News_Content.aspx?n=7F7676C34AC3FCF9&sms=CDFD835559552999&s=14090D7DD708233F

Beitou Storyteller Guided Tours
https://www.facebook.com/PatauwStoryteller/

Voices of the Heart – Rediscovery of Beitou Hot Springs Museum
https://beitouheartrebirth.updog.co/index.html

Beitou Hot Spring Museum 20th Anniversary (English content)http://beitouhotspring.brightideas.com.tw/index_en.html

Brand Extensions and Corporate Museums – Alberto Campagnolo

15 & 16 November 2018

“Brand Extension and Corporate Museum” International Brand Marketing Workshop
「品牌延伸和企業博物館」國際品牌行銷工作坊

A two-day workshop on “Brand Extension and Corporate Museum”

In a two-day workshop, Alberto helps students create a roadmap for thinking through lectures and group assignments to develop brand communication in a dynamic and effective manner. The workshop helps students study how to use and re-create, creating brands for the art world, including corporate institutional museums, and creating true stories of brands.

「品牌延伸和企業博物館」2天的工作坊,Alberto透過講座和小組作業協助學生創造一個思考的路線圖,以動態有效的方式開展品牌傳播。該工作坊幫助學生研究如何運用和重新創造,為藝術領域創造品牌,包括企業機構博物館,創建品牌的真實故事。

 

Alberto Workshop IMG (4)

 

工作坊分兩個階段,上午為理論課,下午為工作坊。

Alberto Workshop IMG (8)

15 November
上午理論課內容   Lecture Morning Session

企業博物館當今非常時髦,很多公司都在考慮將企業博物館作為品牌延伸,在博物館裡,你不能像在商店裡那樣觸摸所有東西,這些物品的意義在展示時已有所改變。工作坊將圍繞我們感興趣的品牌,包括開發企業博物館。Alberto透過品牌的定義及品牌資產幻燈片,介紹什麼是品牌,及著名的品牌排行榜。

實踐不僅僅是學術內容,而是必須親自參與創造的。“營銷”和“品牌”是動詞,它們是關於行動,既必須做某些事。營銷是一種解讀現實世界的行為,我們必須感受市場的脈搏。品牌/象徵不是品牌,它們是品牌留下的象徵之一。品牌不僅是產品/服務,品牌也是一種情感,最有價值的品牌網格,是包含參與和聯繫人的網絡。

“營銷只針對大公司”,大品牌,這是一項持續的投資。“營銷是可選的但品牌是必須的”,要建立標誌性產品是不容易的。Alberto舉例Armani,可口可樂,Harley Davidson,雀巢公司, Nike,Gucci等,當營銷正在進入市場,品牌既回歸公司,四大支柱:產品,通訊,服務,分銷,而四條“腿”必須完全對齊。

 

15 November
下午工作坊內容   Lecture Afternoon
 Session

學生可單獨或成對,將為項目製作演示ppt文稿。參與學生選擇一個品牌,並在兩個工作日內為它創建一個企業博物館。

第一部分- 3-5張幻燈片- 關於口頭交流,每一部分都有一個與品牌相關的形容詞(定義品牌)和圖像說明品牌的四大支柱(產品,溝通,分銷,服務)。

第二部分3-5幻燈片- 關於顏色,紋理質感等,以視覺為主,而非語言交流。

第三部分- 1張幻燈片- 講故事(最終演示,品牌的支柱)

Alberto Workshop IMG (9)

 

16 November
上午理論課內容   Lecture Morning 
Session

品牌延伸:品牌延伸應以故事為主,品牌為次。在不影響品牌核心的情況下,與核心品牌不同的限制範圍。例如Burberry和瑪莎拉蒂,Burberry如何保護品牌。Vespa博物館致力於推廣品牌和品牌背後的文化。

企業博物館的三個驅動因素–翻譯/背叛/背叛。對於企業博物館來說,需要有“傳統”,以便有足夠的材料用於展覽內容脈絡。將業務“轉譯”為藝術維度詮釋。“背叛”是讓你迷失在博物館中的作品尺寸,是抽象的,如織物的質地,駕駛摩托車的感覺。例如在佛羅倫斯的Roberto Capucci博物館只展示衣服、紡織品和鏡子。

 

16 November
下午工作坊內容   Lecture Afternoon
 Session

下午是個人的工作坊,有關博物館需要考慮的事項有:地方性,內容等。阿爾貝託與每個人/小組交談,並給予提示。

 

與會師生回饋
這是非常好和實在的工作坊,是阿爾貝託實際實踐的分享及引導,避免了很多的時間上浪費。也符合今日的品牌行銷及博物館展示潮流。

Art & Science Interactions in Society/Art & Ethics – Lecture and Workshop – Lucas Evers

lucas-web version

Art & Ethics – workshop proposal, Taipei National University of Arts
Lucas Evers, Waag – Technology & Society

There is a still growing interest of artists to work with living materials, with living organisms, with living systems. These works are 1) always performative by nature of the living and acting component and 2) always hold the responsibility of taking care of the living element. That responsibility brings about moral and ethical elements within the artwork, in cases closely related to the ethical elements that are evaluated by ethics expert panels in scientific research. The juxtaposition of the art-ethical practice and the scientific-ethical practice is what the project Trust Me, I’m an Artist is based on: the artwork is presented as if it were a scientific research proposal and evaluated by an ethics expert panel in the presence of an audience, revealing the ethical dilemma’s and complexities of art working with life and revealing the working of responsibility structures within scientific and societal institutions and the individuals involved.

For the Art & Ethics workshop on November 5 at Taipei National University of Arts, participants to selected an artwork that they felt contains moral / ethical components to be briefly presented within the workshop participants group, where after the ethical components were discussed. A possible curatorial context and framework wherein a selection of the artworks will be exhibited was proposed by participant groups.

The workshop was based on the DIY version of Trust Me, I’m an Artist.

img_1131

 

Visiting the Northerners of the South

花東之行-web version

Interaction with Arts through an Indigenous Community

TNUA and IMCC graduate students travel to Eastern Taiwan to explore the unlimited features of contemporary art.

 

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Through the outdoor installations in the public space, the common feature of the three events as they are, an increasing interest from both the governmental and private institutions in developing art and culture projects in the marginalized regions has been noticed, especially how these projects may benefit the communities in terms of prosperity, tourisms, and infrastructure, while their subtle influence on economy, education, traditional culture, ecology, population, and tribal arts is also emphasized, allowing the society to employ artistic activities to look for future possibilities.
Curator’s statement (.doc download)


Art is something you can find everywhere. It can be really close to you, but sometimes it can take you far away to explore what an indigenous community wants to tell you about their way of living. Graduate students of TNUA’s International Master of the Arts Program in Cultural and Creative Industries (IMCCI) and Fine Arts departments had the opportunity to travel to the east coast of Taiwan to appreciate the imaginative perspective of the locals to reflect their present by addressing relevant issues to their daily life. This exciting journey allowed the big group of 38 people to visit the major art festivals held in the coastal areas throughout Hualien and Taitung this year, including MIPALIW Land Art, Taiwan East Coast Land Art and The Hidden South Exhibition.

With a very busy itinerary ahead, the group guided by the professors Manray Hsu, Ya-Tin Lin, I-Wen Chang and the director of the Office of the International Affairs Jau-Lan Guo, started the trip in Hualien, which is a breathtaking place because of its natural beauty and peaceful atmosphere. It is also an indigenous land where most of the ethnic groups in Taiwan converge: Amis, Atayal, Bunun, Truku and Kebala. In addition, these tribes are well-preserved and cohabitate in a quiet harmonious environment.

One of the members of the Amis tribe, Su-Min Su, gave the group the warmest welcoming during the first stop in a former elementary school called Jiqi to visit the exhibition Under-current. The selection of artworks in this exhibition responds to the curative work of three local artists, but also includes pieces from foreign artist.  Even tough Hualien is far away from Taipei,  , the curators have been leading a remarkable work to interact with international artists and bring them to their communities.

The name of the exhibition takes a stand against the stereotype of “laziness”, a generalized prejudice about aboriginal people. Su-Min Su, who is also one of the curators involved in this log-term art project, disagrees with this idea; she truly believes that “you will really know that we are hard-working people once you come to stay with us and connect with us”.

Collecting art is not less hard than creating it. “We have a lot of challenges since we have to negotiate with the government to get funds to encourage this creative production, with special emphasis in local culture. However, we also want to develop a more inclusive work by integrating artists that come from abroad. Foreign artists are invited to live with us for a while aiming to ‘holistically’ understand our customs and living conditions where they will find that both work-life balance and environmental care are a must for us”, explained Su.

In fact, some of the pieces were elaborated with waste material or garbage recollected from the sea. The feminine symbolism in some other pieces was also prevalent. «KITA» an artwork made by an Indonesian artist, Arya Pandjalu, is the creation of three huge female sculptures modelled with marine waste. The artist wanted to pay tribute to the women of the Arashisaki tribe who adhere to traditional agricultural techniques and work hard to care for their families. This piece also brought an important issue to the Amis tribe: to reassure environmental care.

Contemporary art comes in a variety of forms and sizes. Sculptures made of different types of wood, fiber, metal and rocks showed the unlimited imagination of the local people to express the energy, intuition and forces that shape their identity into their creative work. Su-Min Su expressed that “a creative process is not only about art, but it is also about art in terms of life”.

 

Fu Hsing Tribe: No Smoke, No Alcohol, No Drugs

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After having a great introduction to the efforts of the curators to mobilize creativity towards their remote communities and develop a sustainable project to promote their culture, the crew from TNUA visited an aboriginal village: Fu Hsing Tribe. Besides siting at the table to relish a delicious lunch of meat, fish and vegetables with the members of the village, the professors and students also enjoyed a series of stretching exercises projected in front of a television and led by the grandpas and grandmas –‘agong-ama’– of the small town. This routine that helped the group to digest of their succulent meal is a practice that elders repeat at least once a week to keep them healthy and vigorous.

In the Fu Hsing tribe, only four out of the 28 people living there are from young generation. This location as others in Hualien has been suffering a negative population growth over the past years due to the continuous emigration of younger generations to other places in search of a better work or study opportunities. This is also called aging society with less kids. “Most of the guys have gone and do not want to come back. Old people’s life is not attractive to them. We are a community free of stress and free of toxic habits such as smoke, alcohol and betel nuts… We are committed to have a slow-paced life, focus on what really matters: care of nature and our health”, appointed Hui-Fei Chang, the leader of the village who also gave a talk about the lifestyle they share with their neighbors. Xiao-hua is one of the young women who has returned to her community. Nonetheless Hui-Fei is aware that one day, when she decides to start her own family, she could also leave.

 

Outdoor Installations

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In the afternoon the group continued its thoughtful exploration of contemporary art by making a stop in some outdoor installations. The crew not only had the chance to feel the quietness of the place and enjoy the awesome scenic view of the ocean, but also appreciate the artworks displayed along the coast.

Nowadays people in the fine arts play with materials in more innovative ways, but there is always a difference or uniqueness in the attitude of the artists to use these materials in relation to their work spaces. It would therefore not be too exaggerated to say that practitioners of the fine arts must overcome the limitations of the materials and spaces to get to engage with their audience. In Hualien, artists do not need to face this type of problem. On the contrary, they are aware of the spacious ground they have around them to create abstract art and encourage sculptors to enlarge their imagination.

 

Own daily Life Inspiration

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By observing their own daily life, artists have been able to produce a few wonderful pieces that are expressions of an organic design in response to environmental care and reflect through aesthetic and functional standards their interests and concerns. Among the long list of artworks there was one titled “Wine partner” created by Sumi Dongi, who has been engaged with tribal literature and history research for many years. Her work consisted in the creation of a roofless cabin with only a table settled in the middle of it, two small chairs and two cups for the potential drinkers. Through this installation she wanted to bring to the fore a gender issue; she symbolizes intimacy and connectivity, especially between women, with the wine as a medium to support each other.

“In the past, social hierarchy based on a range age determined the ability of aboriginal women to make decisions, but the situation has fortunately changed. The liberty to sit in the middle of the countryside to breath fresh air, to smash the tiredness of the heart, to share a drink and have a talk with a friend about the changes in the way they are perceiving or even leading their lives is other of the themes exposed in this artwork”, commented Su-Su.

Other of the pieces called “Talo’an”, which is a real shelter made of wood for those in the community who want to take a rest after an extensive day of labor, showed awareness of the care of the forests, as some of the materials utilized for its creation are extinct. In general, through this selection of artworks visitors can see how concerned the population of Hualien is to preserve their natural resources and keep a healthy living style.

Some installations are simply attractive to tourists that get off from their cars to take pictures of them or selfies.

As soon as the sun dipped beneath the horizon, the group that went from one place to another one in a tourist bus –‘youlanche’– made its way to a different strategic point for the art exhibition. The group arrived at a historical whirlpool, a big port estuary pavilion that serves as a location to expose other installations that give the visitors a wider idea of the connection achieved between foreign artists and locals. Some of their artworks feature the cultural context as a medium to contact with nature and local customs.  Later, the group visited an exhibition of illustrations called “I am Amis” at the Cepo’ Art Center. This collection brought together the drawings of children, each with a naïve and unique point of view that described different kinds of feelings and perceptions about their aboriginal identity. Some in the group were amused by the pictures because kids always find a funny way to treat transcendental topics such as loneliness, affliction, sickness and death.

 

Interesting Debate with Sophisticated Topics

 

 

The time was strictly controlled due to the hectic schedule of this two-day trip named “Visiting the Northerners in the East”. At night, the group participated in a heated and fruitful debate and deep discussion. Even though everyone looked tired before the dinner and almost ready to go to sleep after having a long day, professors and students still had energy to take part in an interesting dialogue which included a wide variety of sophisticated topics, with Professor Manray Hsu as a moderator and Professor I-wen Chang as the interpreter for IMCCI students.

For this in-depth educational lecture, we had the presence of Biung Ismahasan who presented a research titled “Ethno-Spaciality as Sovereignty: Articulating ‘Performative Indigeneity’ within Taiwanese Indigenous Curatorial Practice.” Through this seminar, students got to know the work of the member of the Truku tribe and activist Don Don Honwn, who has taken his pieces, focused on an ethno-aesthetic nature of Taiwanese tribal performative art, to an international level.

In Don Don’s opinion, the poetic language used in his performance -characterized by an authentic musicality-, has not been a barrier to expose his indigenous identity abroad. On the contrary, this has been a “powerful strategy” to expand his audience. “Foreigners find wonderful and powerful what is unknown or exotic to them”, declared Don Don when professor Chang asked him whether relying on a language that people from Norway, where he had a performance, do not understand, created any sort of barrier or possible exoticism.

During the seminar, the participants also discussed about the alternative spaces available for indigenous intervention and curatorial activism. Concepts like white cube, global South and identity itself aroused a series of inquiries. Professor Manray Hsu came out with a few of them: Where are we? What has a greater role, indigeneity or contemporary art? What is the spirituality of a piece of art? “How do we define ethno-spaciality?” added Professor Lin Ya-Tin.

In addition, a student from IMCCI asked where was the “starting point” to bring out the topic of tribes and the implications of the differences with other geographic spaces? to which the Professor Hsu responded: Is there even an “ending point” related to this global concern? At the end, both agreed that sometimes even a multitude of channels or bridges do not help to address some issues, particularly those pertinent to cultural loss, and you may see an empty place where you will find conflicts instead of solutions. On the other hand, Su-Min Su stressed the idea of trying to find the “starting point” in common people. “If we do not know how life works in terms of the arts, then we are in front of a weakness”, concluded Su-Min Su.

 

The Hidden South Exhibition

In the second and last day of the trip, the group spent most of the time touring the exhibition titled The Hidden South. This is the fourth year that the administration office runs this event, which covers the area of Taitung and offers a moonlight ocean concert. During the summer, tourists can enjoy a three-day music festival along the coast with participants from many different countries. But, in this occasion, the reason to go further south was to appreciate other abstract artworks.

The features of more than a dozen pieces were explained by the curator Eva Lin, who pointed out the importance of highlighting a marginalized issue, instead of seeing the success through art. “It is not that convenient to only look for economic values when there are many concerns to accomplish a better understanding between the interests of the government and the demands of the local people”, emphasized Eva Lin.

To give an example, Eva Lin said that “the idea of environmental conservation comes from the indigenous legends, not from science. To the government, it is easy to say that we are a superstitious culture, and even though I respect the energy and legacy of our ancestors, I also find it necessary to believe in the progress of science, because we use technology to expand our creative work”, she said

In a remote place like Taitung, where they are still working on the extension of the South road, technology plays a great role. As beautiful as Hualien is, Taitung has been recruiting the talent of various artists who are interested in appropriating the customs of this part of the island.

Overall, our trip to the east presented a unique opportunity to acquire a better understanding of how to manage and curate art projects that involve aboriginal communities, and it provided a chance to unplug from the rushed pace of city life and immerse ourselves in the lifestyles of the various communities we visited.

 

– Written by Xiomara Gonzalez Sotelo

Visiting the Northerners of the South (Chinese version)

“清澈湖水中的每一抹倒影,都訴說著族人生命中動人的故事與回憶。” —— 西雅圖酋長宣言

山巒阻隔了風塵,台灣東部的天空是清澈的;一望無際的湛藍太平洋流動著,滾滾海水是寧靜的。這是普遍對東部的想像,事實上東部也的確如此美麗,但除了美景外,還有更多在美景上的風貌值得探索。

由郭昭蘭老師、張懿文老師帶領的文創產業國際藝術碩士學位學程學生、以及徐文瑞老師的全球觀念主義班級從11/13至11/14進行為時兩天的東部各個藝術季參訪。

本次參訪的藝術季有:2018森川里海濕地藝術季、2018台灣東海岸大地藝術節、以及南方以南。藉由每個展覽的策展人帶領,除了覽歷美麗的自然風景外,學生們得以同時深入散佈在花東縱谷的部落、理解藝術與在地的關係,並且從中學習策展實踐與藝術觀點。

透過第一線交談與接觸,綺麗的花東景色內增添了許多生命厚度,透過這一次參訪,可以觀看藝術家與策展人們如何去回應以下提問:在地人們如何生活?如何看待他們的山與海?如何面對後代離家的落寞?如何從周遭重新看待、淬鍊他們的過往並持續至未來?

201811 花東之行策展人論述

 

 

森川里海濕地藝術季:土地的返還與再接觸

若要思考藝術與一個地區的關係是什麼,或許森川里海可以給出一個明確的回答;若要詢問藝術這個看似遙不可及的概念要如何實踐於日常大眾的生命與生活,森川里海的策展人可以娓娓道來。

森川里海藝術季的英文是Mipaliw Land Art,Mipaliw在阿美族語中為互助的意思:有水田的人請沒水田的人幫忙做勞力活,並致贈稻米做為報酬。即便是現在,Mipaliw的精神仍在延續,不過今年除了帶出人與土地之間的互助關係外,更把情境拉到喧囂的當代世界,詢問在考驗重重下,人與自然的連結如何持續穩定走下去。

這是四個靠著水梯田維生部落的生活呈現,今年以「流」為主題,森川里海想要去探討生活與生產中面對的情境與威脅:侵蝕海岸線的浪流、影響捕撈的海流、土石流、人口外流。森川里海涵蓋了四個部落:因為少子化而廢校、決定要興建山海劇場的磯崎;位在土石流潛在區域、大多居民為老人、潛心農耕的復興;嘗試進行海岸梯田振興的新社;以及因為眾多公部門機關進駐,而成為重要行政區域的港口。

「不理解部落的策展人是不行的。」策展人說。

秉持著這樣的理念,她深入四個部落、帶領參與藝術家們進入當地的生活時區、進行田野調查並且與在地居民互動。比起注重最終的作品呈現,她更在意的是當地的記憶是否被充分理解和呈現、部落居民能否也真切體會到藝術進入他們的生活。

邀請當地人參與藝術:磯崎部落

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因為學生不足而廢校的磯崎國小如今正替未來以觀光為目的的劇場進行籌畫。放眼望去一片廢墟、野狗三兩隻、搭配著海浪聲頗有滄桑之感。若不仔細去進行探索,被隱藏在紅盒子內的在地記憶與故事便會被輕易忽略,如同擁抱了現代要建立劇場,過去的一切種種習以為常最終被取代、遺忘。名為磯崎國小的地景在未來將不復存在,而在海邊由各種廢棄垃圾物組成的女性雕塑作品也只是對污染文化進行了當代的考古。

兩件作品都只是對現象進行中性的呈現,但卻也會令人思考如今所謂當代生活,其中隱含的各種矛盾該如何化解呢?在此等情境下,策展人與藝術家們是否還有更積極的作為呢?策展人與表演藝術家們邀請當地人們一同參與表演藝術,讓他們深切明白自己即將擁有的劇場以及表演是一個甚麼樣的概念,透過實際參與,藝術的風吹進在地人的心坎中。

信仰作為最強大的凝聚:復興部落

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復興部落居民大多為老人,進入部落前必須要走過一條好漢坡、經過被稱為「寧靜部落」的墓地,但這都不是復興部落最令人印象深刻的地方。

無菸、無酒、無檳榔,一掃一般人們對原住民的印象,復興部落這三樣物品一律不碰,這要歸因於教會對當地的影響。居民們對信仰如此虔誠,凡是教會認為不行的他們一律遵守。這個部落收不到網路訊號,因為他們活得很簡單,專注於農耕是長壽年輕的秘訣。

那麼,這樣純樸的地區會讓藝術離他們的生活很遙遠嗎?藝術家們替老人們編了一段段健康操,表演藝術對身體的理解直接實踐於幫助老人家保持身體健康;在水田中發現了現代的垃圾、與老人用日語交談,一種時空變換的感受藉由鏡子與特定的時間點灼燒漂流木。

生活地景即為藝術:新社與港口部落

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新社與港口部落都靠海,海洋對位在河海交界港口部落的日常生活更是息息相關。在靠海稻田中、被樹叢所遮掩的隱蔽處,藏著阿美族的工寮Taloan。這個改良、與織布機混種的小工寮將阿美族的勞動景色和心境合而為一,邀請當地人的參與呈現在地觀點,豐富外來藝術家作品的內涵。

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在復興部落中,酒被教會嚴格禁止。但是在別的地方,酒卻是能幫助人們與萬物生靈溝通的媒介。同樣是阿美族,為何會有如此歧異的看法?或許只用族群來看待眾多群體的聚合體是可惜的,集合體內的每個群體都有自己所選擇的生活、因此創造了各種子文化。從各個地區中看見普遍中的獨特,便是森川里海每位駐村藝術家們獲得的啟發。

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「跟我們說說海吧!」一位熱愛海洋文化的同學對策展人說。這時,在秀姑巒溪與太平洋的交界處,風雨稍微開始飄搖。

一排漁網在眼前,是港口部落人們的一種生存方式:捕魚。在河海交界處,得天獨厚的漁獲資源哺育著人們,但隨著時間的發展,人走了、產業結構、環境變了,傳統捕魚技術慢慢不出現在生活中;海岸阿美熱愛向海洋學習,他們的pakelang(類似慶功宴)所跳的舞是貨真價實的強烈漩渦,一群自稱老鼠的藝術家們學習了他們的製陶方式、然後將燒好的陶扔進海中玩起了屬於他們自己的pakelang,一種自娛娛人的傳統實踐於現代。

同時,也是一種嘗試與海洋建立連結的行動。

 

 

港口開講:原住民性x當代藝術x展演與策展

第一天的尾聲特別邀請布農族策展人彼勇(Biung Ismahasan)以及太魯閣族展演藝術家東冬侯溫(Dondon Houmwm)進行對談與演講。

當原住民碰上當代藝術,過去容易被忽略的聲音得到了抒發的機會;除了解殖、表達對自然的觀照、追溯文化根源……,策展人如何操作可能會有控訴、有爭議、令人不悅的議題?兩人以自身的例子回應了森川里海的策展問題:原住民如何在與自然保持平衡的關係為前提去適應當代。

 

 

彼勇透過替東冬策劃在倫敦的展,嘗試以實驗的行為來探討原住民如何脫離殖民。他說:「這是一種跨文化與政治、也是難以定義的原住民策展。」透過讓東冬在金匠學院餐廳中開放式的展演,彼勇想以身體的動作與精神性為出發點,探討超越國族與國界的觀點,並且與當代社會、文化中的衝突與爭論進行對話。他期待,兩人攜手的合作可以進行自我再現以及視覺性創造,關聯著原住民失去的靈性文化,來呈現原住民面對當代的調適。

 

Smapux,太魯閣族語中的巫覡,是東冬在部落中的職位,也是不斷啟發他創作的靈感。透過族語中的音韻,冬東發現了奇妙的、神秘的力量。

於是他開始伸展他的肢體。

這是一場儀式,聲音以及與靈的溝通讓東冬詮釋了他的生活與生命。以身體展現了他對殖民、對生存空間被剝奪的提問,並提出一套觀點:從「文化傳統」中看待自己的行為,而非從「藝術」這個來自西方的概念來看。至此,他更加深入自己的母文化,更加去理解自己的存在。

 

山的綠、海的藍、我們的血液:大地藝術節

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“我們的汗水與淚是鹹的,所以我們知道

我們血液中流的是海洋。”  ——泰艾娃

第一天的森川里海探討原住民面對當代的調適。第二天的大地藝術則是去觀看人與自然的關係──尤其是與海洋的關係。

《潮間 共生》之「島 群之間」是今年大地藝術節的命題,探討著花東視角如何觀看台灣與無數個坐落於海洋中島嶼的關係。南島語族的分布北至台灣、西至馬達加斯加、南至紐西蘭、東至復活節島,透過海洋,千年來南島語族不斷流動,並創造了獨特的海洋文化。在遷徙過程中,人與海洋建立的親密的連結。

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因時間關係,本次參觀大地藝術季主要聚集在都歷遊客中心。此區作品大多為地景藝術,學生們徜徉在東管處的草皮上、在各個藝術作品中奔跑,聆聽著海風、觀看著遠處海岸線。

在這海平線的彼端是甚麼樣的景色?

過於習慣陸地的我們似乎遺忘了過去,不論血緣為何,台灣這塊土地上所有人的祖先都曾經踏浪而來、都曾經與海洋血濃於水。曾幾何時,我們開始將海洋視作一片藍色沙漠、未來希望的阻隔、毫無可能的墳場。這是在踏進菅野麻衣挖掘的《歸/turtle》遠眺海面時,雖說是海龜的穴室,但更讓我聯想到的反而是卑南文化中那埋有側身屈肢骨骸的墓穴。這是一種奇異、錯置生死的感受,反而更能讓人去深度思索眼前海洋與我們的關係;而在《泡風景》系列中,躺在網中眺望著海面、其他許多的作品都在帶領我們看著海面、拉黑子撿拾的海洋垃圾被塑造成一尊尊巨大、由線構成的、隱藏著許多生活殘影的雕像,也凝視著我們……

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在那平靜美麗的藍色汪洋中,我們到底遺失了什麼呢?

隔絕的南方:南方以南

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在台東南方,號稱景色最為美麗的南迴鐵路上一輛輛火車駛過。從太麻里以南,因為地形與文化的特殊性,一道結界隔離了這個區域,自成一個空間。這個特別的南方並不為人所熟悉,這個寧靜秘境中的山海距離極為貼近,卑南族、阿美族、排灣族有的置身於山、有的則選擇親近海洋。山海快合為一線的區域有點複雜、有點讓人感到陌生。與森川里海策展人有相同看法,認為應該要讓藝術家們進入當地,去觀看甚麼才是當地需要的?策展人邀請藝術家進入其中,從歷史檔案、訪談口述、地景、居民參與一同呈現屬於他們的生活面貌。

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因囿於時間關係,此次只參觀大鳥部落區域的作品:豪華朗機工的《在屾》、吳思嶔《名字嗎?我有很多個》以及戴克斯特菲南德《vuvu&vuvu》。出現在各族傳說中的矮黑人成為藝術家的靈感,以虛擬實境的手法讓已經不存在的種族出現身詢問何為「名」?何為「虛」?何為「實」?豪華朗機工蒐集了廢棄鋼筋,呈現鏤空的山,橫嶺側看是不同的景色:山的綠、海的藍、有些垃圾被落在沙灘上的灰;在排灣族語中,祖父母與孫子皆稱彼此為vuvu,也是奇形怪狀塗鴉的發端。來自透過口述的夢,這些被視為最為可信的故事,成為藝術家的靈感來源,維繫了排灣族與祖靈的連結。

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一個有點與世隔絕的南方以南攙和了些許神秘,隨著遠處打下的山嵐環繞在在地居民們的日常生活中,並且構築了他們獨特的文化與生活景象。